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Recycling and Composting

Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects. It can prevent the waste of potentially useful materials and reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, thereby reducing: energy usage, air pollution (from incineration), and water pollution (from landfilling).

GGIJ Recycling Guide

Your Guide to Recycling in Your Apartment or Compound

This toolkit has been prepared by Prachi Garg on behalf of Going Green in Jakarta, based on the experiences of our members in getting their compounds or apartment blocks to recycle more, thereby reducing the amount of waste going to landfill or polluting rivers and oceans. However, we believe that recycling is not the most important part of waste management. For ideas and inspiration on how to reduce or reuse materials like plastic use at home please join our community on Facebook (

We hope to keep the document updated with more tips or experiences in the future so if you have experience to share please get in touch.

Download the guide here


KDM (Kampus Diakoneia Modern)

Yayasan KDM is a non profit organization which provides various programs and services for street and marginalized children. Established in 1972, KDM aims to promote and fulfill children rights and protection through their programs like rescue, advocacy, dormitory, and alternative education.

The Green Project – is an initiative by the KDM students and alumni to set-up a recycling collection scheme which offers a solution to Jakarta’s waste problem, while benefitting its work in supporting the development of street children into independent, educated and skilled young adults.

There are various upcycling workshops like Ffrash where the KDM students are trained in making beautiful handcrafted upcycled glass products, plastic handbags, various interior and furniture pieces, apparels from upcycled old fabrics etc.

Website : KDM (Kampus Diakoneia Modern)


Bank Sampah

Bank Sampah (Waste Banks) is a waste management program initiated and developed by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK). There are approximately 5,244 waste bank units spread in 34 provinces and 219 regencies/ cities in Indonesia. All the waste bank units are supported by the government but mainly run by the community/ individuals, who must be legally approved and registered with the Bank Sampah at Kelurahan (sub-district) level. Bank Sampah is a collective synergy of government, community, Yayasan/ LSM and manufacturers.

An individual/ residence can open their account at the local bank sampah unit and get a savings book. Every time the individual/ housing complex gives the sorted inorganic waste, the weight and value of the trash gets recorded in the savings book. You can get the permission from your building management for the scheduled pick ups or drop off your trash at the local waste bank unit. The collected trash will be transported to various factories for recycling process.

Website: Bank Sampah



“Waste4Change is a social enterprise that provides waste management service from upstream to downstream with a vision of reducing the amount of waste that end up in landfills. Together, we aspire to make behavioral change of the Indonesian people towards waste management with both technology and collaboration with formal and informal sectors.”

Their services are –

  1. Consult – to do feasibility study and research in waste management based on your preference.
  2. Campaign – to educate Company/ Residences/ Community/ School about responsible waste management.
  3. Collect – to collect waste with our responsible waste management system from your home. Office so that no more wastes are mixed.
  4. Create – to collaborate with our trusted partner to transform you waste into recycled materials.

They offer various waste management systems like Zero Waste to Landfill, educational and learning programs like EDUBIS, AKABIS, BSF (Black Soldier Fly) etc. You can They have recycling programs like Send Your waste through delivery services and PRAISE Drop Box collection services (having 100 drop box locations around Jakarta).



Upcycling is the creative process of transforming by-products, waste materials, useless, or unwanted products into new attractive materials or products of better quality or for better environmental value. The term upcycle began to gain traction in the mid 90s. Then in 2002, William McDonough and Michael Braungart’s book ‘Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things’ brought the term into the public eye, and solidified its use in pop culture.

Baba Balance

Upcycled plastic made into knick knacks

What Baba Balance says ...

"We offer brilliant beautiful handmade recycled product. The basic material of our product is plastic. This plastic is collected from the street, landfills, and waterways of Jakarta (Indonesia). With human effort, this plastic is washed, designed, and sewn to transform it into beautiful handmade products, such as bags, umbrellas, wallets, organizer books, laundry baskets, tissue box, travel gear, etc."

Website : Baba Balance



A reusable building block created by packing clean and dry used plastic into a plastic bottle to a set density.

What Ecobricks says ...

"We’re a collective of community leaders from around the world united in a vision of planetary transition: a shift from plastic to ever greener harmony with Earth’s cycles. We share the belief that ‘the problem is always the solution’ and that facing our plastic is fundamental to moving on from plastic and the systems behind it. We make ecobricks in our homes, and share ecobricking in our communities. To support fellow ecobrickers around the world, we’ve come together as the Global Ecobrick Alliance Earth Enterprise. Our mission is to craft and to hold the philosophical and technical infrastructure for the global and local ecobrick movements. As the movement spreads, as the rusted mind forged manacles of consumption and capital crack, our ecobricks are laying the foundation for the beautiful world we all know is possible."

Website: Ecobricks



It is an upcycling project which was initiated by a Dutch designer Gina Provo Kluit in Jakarta, with an aim to design a collection of interior products, by re-using waste material. Every Ffrash collection is created by internationally well-known Dutch designers and handcrafted by the street children of a non-profit organization KDM. Ffrash trains less fortunate kids to become green furniture makers and entrepreneurs themselves, demonstrating that Indonesian street children have the potential to become skilled workers who can turn trash into beautiful and functional products. All revenues from the products are invested in the Ffrash artisans and in the development and care of these former street children.

Website: ffrash



Upcycled bags out of left over fabrics.

“Threadapeutic has been committed to sustainable textile innovation since our inception in 2015. We craft contemporary bags, accessories, and soft furnishings out of leftover fabric from the fashion industry as well as post event banners. No two creations are alike - just like you. We envision a creative circular economy where no waste is left behind.”



Topiku Store

Sustainable hats handcrafted from upcycled + recycled waste materials by Indonesian artisans

What Topiku Store says ...

" We work together with local trash-pickers or pemulung to salvage HDPE plastics from landfills, typically found in buckets. Once collected, they are shredded, washed, and sun-dried. We then pour the shards into a machine that melts and remoulds the sturdy-but-flexible material into brims – fully bendable to fit your head. The world’s first real bucket hat."

Website: Topiku Store


Trashion Indonesia

Upcycled plastic made into umbrellas and bags

“TRASHION is initiative to reduce post-consumer packaging waste impact in environment. TRASHION aims to transform of no value waste into stylish and valuable products made by women entrepreneurs within Green and Clean program of Unilever Indonesia.”

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XSProject is a non-profit organization that works to improve the lives of poor families living in Jakarta’s trash picker communities. Indonesia is changing and rural communities are being displaced. People move their families to big cities like Jakarta in search of work. With few financial resources, little education and no documentation, many have found themselves living in over-flowing garbage dumps.

Each day it is estimated there are about 450,000 trash pickers working in this city of 13 million people. They pick through the garbage, exposing themselves to infectious diseases and hazardous waste, looking for anything they can sell. By day's end, their efforts might return around US$4 - barely enough to feed their families.

XSProject buys non-biodegradable plastic consumer trash from Jakarta's trash picker community. They don't usually pick up this kind of plastic because they can't sell it to a conventional recycler. We also seek corporate donations of waste materials such as used highway billboards, advertising banners, flags and auto upholstery.



Composting is a natural process of recycling organic material such as leaves and vegetable scraps into a rich soil. It is a great way to reduce your food waste and contributions to greenhouse gas emissions. It is estimated that out of total waste dumped at the landfills, almost 55% of it is organic food waste! Imagine if every household, café and restaurant starts composting its own organic waste, then it could not only reduce a drastic amount of landfill waste but also create nutrient rich chemical free soil for your organic garden!

Food Cycle Indonesia

FoodCycle will collect organic waste from food manufacturers, corporate buildings, shopping malls, apartments, residentials and convert them to be animal feed and compost fertilizer



Kebun Kumara

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Kebun Kumara

Hands-on and sustainable, Kebun Kumara is an urban learning-farm for all ages. We are located on the outskirts of Jakarta, aiming to support and empower the urban society in achieving a responsible, sustainable and balanced lifestyle.

Kebun Kumara offers training and support in urban composting.

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